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Know Your H2O

water treatment

Understanding In-Home Water Treatment

Whether used for drinking, cooking, bathing, sanitation, agriculture or recreation, water plays a vital role in our lives. Having clean and safe water is paramount for our bodies and our environments to ensure maximal health benefits, effective energy production as well as avoidance and elimination of toxins. It stands to reason then, that in-home water treatments are fast becoming a household essential.

Why Would We Need Water Treatment?
Although all public water supply should meet national safety standards, some home owners may want to screen and treat their water to ensure that it is safe for consumption and other daily uses. Upon formal laboratory testing, some sources of water may contain harmful substances such as: bacteria, cystic organisms or parasites; chemicals like herbicides and pesticides, pollutants, and other contaminants.

These problems can be solved by repairing or replacing one’s entire water system, or by treating the water delivered to homes individually. Water treatment devices work to improve the quality of water delivered through the system by reducing said health risk factors as well as improve other aesthetic features such as smell and taste.

How do Water Treatment Devices Work?
There are a large variety of devices on the market but they all use one of, or a combination of, the following basic categories: disinfection via chlorination, UV light radiation, pasteurization; filtration via activated carbon filters, microfiltration, or other filtration devices; reverse osmosis; distillation; and ion exchange specifically as a water softener.

Each of these methods have their pros and cons and should be chosen in specific regard to one’s water treatment requirements. Remember that simple on-site demonstrations are not good indicators of contaminant levels and that there is no single test to determine all your water treatment needs. Certified water testing laboratories should be able to give you an accurate and reliable results that you can then use throughout your purchase considerations.

Types of Water Treatment Systems
Apart of the different mechanisms of treatment, water treatment also has different types of systems: namely whole-home systems (or Point of Entry – POE) versus filters for specific areas like the shower head and kitchen faucet, or portable systems such as water jugs or interchangeable filters (or Point of Use – POU). POE systems are usually installed near a water meter, storage tank or reservoir and treat the water as it enters a residence. POE systems usually use UV light disinfection, ion exchange systems and filtration devices. POU systems use reverse osmosis mechanism to ensure NSF-certified water quality.

Water treatment systems can also help with regulating what is referred to as hard water. This means that the water has a higher concentration of dissolved minerals, specifically dilutions of magnesium and calcium. Although hard water isn’t necessarily detrimental to your health, it does cause other problems. These minerals have a tendency to become deposited as the ‘lime scale’ seen on walls, tubs and other surfaces; it can clog openings in shower heads; damage plumbing fixtures and appliances and even skin irritation.

Call a professional plumbing company like Art Plumbing, Air Conditioning & Electric to assess your water and find the perfect water treatment system for you.